As a whole, a functional organization is best suited as a producer of standardized goods and services at large volume and low cost. Bureaucratic Structures Bureaucratic structures maintain strict hierarchies when it comes to people management. When using divisional structures that are organized by either markets or geographic areas they generally have similar function and are located in different regions or markets.
Lateral working accountabilities and authorities must be defined for all the roles in the hierarchy 7 types of lateral working accountabilities and authorities: Alternatively, every unit within an organization is apt to put a face on a problem congenial mainly to its own interests, skills, and technologies.
To read more about "what is bureaucracy" and how to keep the good parts and get rid of the bad stuff click here to go to The Bureaucracy Busting Book. The bureaucratic form is so common that most people accept it as the normal way of organizing almost any endeavor. In addition, formal rules may be used by organizational members to further their own interests in opposition to official goals Crozier, A group of workers for example, civil service employees of the U.
In essence, managers in network structures spend most of their time coordinating and controlling external relations, usually by electronic means.
These reforms often fall under the rubric of what is called New Public Management. Rules Rules are the lifeblood of bureaucratic organization, providing a rational and continuous basis for procedures and operations.
A project manager is assigned to oversee the project. Software engineers will only staff the entire software development department. In principle, an official who is so elected has an autonomous position opposite the superordinate official. One perspective holds that the strict adherence to rules restricts the ability of a bureaucracy to adapt to new circumstances.
Decisions are made through an organizedaucratic structures, the authority is at the top and information is then flowed from top to bottom.
At various times he taught at Berlin, Freiburg, Munich, and Heidelberg. The hierarchical structure also prevents a democratic approach to problem-solving.
Communication in organizations with functional organizational structures can be rigid because of the standardized ways of operation and the high degree of formalization. He believed that bureaucrats are more likely to defend their own entrenched interests than to act to benefit the organization as a whole but that pride in their craft makes them resistant to changes in established routines.
Therefore, lateral communication between functions becomes very important, so that information is disseminated not only vertically, but also horizontally within the organization.
Command and control, which are necessary to coordinate the disparate elements of bureaucratic organization, provide for increasing responsibility upward, delegation, and decreasing discretion downward.
Without its records, it would be impossible to maintain transactions grounded in legality. This organizing of specialization leads to operational efficiency, where employees become specialists within their own realm of expertise. The former makes for stagnation and preservation of inveterate methods, the latter makes for progress and improvement.
Still other theorists are developing a resurgence of interest in complexity theory and organizationsand have focused on how simple structures can be used to engender organizational adaptations. Others has been collective decision making and organizational structures that emphasize minimize hierarchies and decentralize the power to make decisions.
The failure of this structure became the main reason for the company restructuring into a matrix. Matrix structure[ edit ] The matrix structure groups employees by both function and product simultaneously. The simplest requests are tangled in red tape, the paperwork that slows down accomplishment of an otherwise simple task.He did not oppose universally bureaucratic management; on the contrary, he argued that bureaucracy is an indispensable method for social organization, for it is the only method by which the law can be made supreme, and is the protector of the individual against despotic arbitrariness.
Primary Features of a Bureaucratic Organization Weber identified what he believed to be the main characteristics of a "pure" bureaucratic organization. His idea on bureaucracy was to describe an ideal organization - one which is perfectly rational and would provide maximum efficiency and consistency to the organization.
In a pure bureaucratic model under the authoritarian leadership, decision space would be filled by going by the book, strict enforcement. Double looping learning Causes the organization to reconsider whether they are pursuing the right objective.
Management Theories > Bureaucracy Max Weber, born inin Prussia, is a German sociologist. Organization Theory. Balanced Scorecard; Organizational Effectiveness; Management Theories. A Brief Introduction to Motivation Theory; The pure type of bureaucratic official is appointed by a superior authority.
An official elected by the. The organizational structure of an organization tells you the character of an organization and the values it believes in. Therefore, when you do business with an organization or getting into a new job in an organization, it is always a great idea to get to know and understand their organizational structure.
Bureaucratic Structures. As you read about the bureaucratic form, note whether your organization matches the description. The more of these concepts that exist in your organization, the more likely you will have some or all of the negative by-products .Download